Poet Evgeny Baratynsky: biography of Pushkin's associate
Baratynsky is often mentioned (together withDelvig) among the people surrounding Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin. But it was quite self-sufficient poet. We have the right to be proud of the fact that in the constellation of the great classics of Russian literature there is such a philosopher-lyric as Evgeny Abramovich Baratynsky. Biography, a brief description of the creativity of this thinker - these articles are devoted to this article. I just want to note the special impression that his poems create: an extraordinary thought is felt, clothed in an aesthetically flawless form. His works reject all inhuman, false, but full of humanism and touching kindness.
Childhood and adolescence
Evgeny Baratynsky, whose biography is stillUnfortunately, it was not sufficiently studied by researchers, was born in March 1800 in Tambov province, in the village of Vyazhlya. His parents were rich and notable people. My father was a retired lieutenant-general, my mother served as a maid of honor before the Empress Maria Feodorovna. From his early childhood, the future poet mastered French and Italian, and in a private boarding school in Petersburg he learned German. At the age of 12 he entered the Corps of Pages to accomplish a military career, but in 1816 he was expelled from there for childish pranks. He was left with one road - a simple soldier for military service, and in 1819 he joined the Jaeger Regiment.
Acquaintance with Pushkin
Through a friend of the regiment Baratynsky, biographywhich from now on becomes more documented, converges with Delvig, and then with Pushkin. Not finished the formation of a "simple" soldier becomes a literary salon, begins to be friends with Gnedich, Kukhelbekerom, Zhukovsky. He writes poetry, hones his style, and soon himself begins to be published. His youthful works give a very pessimistic outlook. In 1820, in the rank of non-commissioned officer, he was transferred to serve in Kymen (modern Finland).
The harsh and wild beauty of northern natureforced Baratynsky to retreat from several archaic forms of the Russian ode. In his works "Waterfall", "Finland", "Eda", the elegiac moods of Western European romanticism are amplified. He does not stop typing. In particular, his poems appear in the almanac "Polar Star", which was produced by Ryleev and Besstuzhev. A.S. Pushkin honored Edu with high praise, and Vyazemsky noted the originality and perceptive dialectics to which Baratynsky is characterized. Biography mentions the youthful love of the poet. Muza became the wife of General Zakrevsky, to whom he dedicated many lyrical works ("Fairy", "Justification").
In 1926 Baratynsky, whose biographyis reflected in his work, retires and marries Anastasia Lvovna Engelhardt. The measured life of a married civilian enables him to surrender to literature without any restrictions. In addition to small verse forms, he writes his famous poems "The Ball", "Feasts", "Concubine". He tried himself and prose. Thus, in 1831, the magazine "Europeans" published his story "Ring." The death of Pushkin Baratynsky - the biography of the poet in this issue is categorical - survived hard. He almost did not write poetry and only issued one collection - "Twilight" (1842). In 1843, he and his wife went on a trip abroad. In Paris he met many French writers (Lamartine, Merimee, Nodier and others). But in Naples, A.L. Baratynskaya suffered a nervous breakdown, which fatal effect on the health of her husband. The next day, July 11, 1844, he died suddenly.