The economic policy of the state
The country's economy is always developinghistorical and other objective laws. If we consider it from this point of view, then we can assume that its path is predetermined, given from above. But in fact, the economy is only partially related to what happened in the past, under the influence of such actors as, for example, citizens, enterprises, the state, its development can proceed in a variety of ways. Of course, the scale of their impact on the economic destiny of the country is significantly different. The greatest opportunities for this are the state represented by the government. It is he who chooses the line of conduct for implementing the social and economic strategy. At the same time, it proceeds from the set goals, takes into account the situation that has already developed in the society, as well as those trends that are only outlined.
Thus, the economic policy of the stateIs a line of action in this area, conducted by him and the government of the country. Thus, they give the processes that are going on the desired direction, embody in practice the measures by which tasks and goals are achieved. The economic policy of the state directly reflects the course that the government of the country implements. Its meaning lies in expressing and then translating the interests, tasks and goals of the people and power. And at the same time, the state's economic policy reflects the views and positions of the government itself. Also here there is an expression of the interests of the circle of persons with whom it is connected and on which it depends.
As already mentioned, economic policystate is dictated by past events, previously accepted commitments and decisions. To a large extent, it is predetermined by the conjuncture in the world and in the country. This includes the state of the market, the economy, and the supply and demand for services and goods, and the trends of decline and growth.
It is known that the economy of any country in the worldis unstable, it is cyclical. The phase of activity and growth is replaced by a phase of decline, there is a decline, demand and supply are decreasing, and entrepreneurial activity is dying away. Based on this, it is customary to single out the following cycles of economic development:
- Economic boom (conjuncture);
So, from what phase it is ineconomy of the country, and the type of policy in this sphere also depends. Those who construct it are guided, first of all, by the dynamics and volume of the national gross product, by the size of supply and demand in aggregate, prices, consumption, incomes, unemployment and employment.
The economic policy of the state is closely connected with its internal, external and even military policy. It is influenced by the ideology that prevails in the country.
What can be said about economic policy inRussia? The crisis, albeit limited, but still affected the situation in the country. Slower growth rates, which in turn does not allow doubling GDP for the next ten years. But this is not the worst. It is much more important to weaken Russia's dependence on the external market. That is why, in the conditions of the crisis, people started talking about ways of modernizing the country. In early 2011, the expert community received an assignment from Vladimir Putin to work out options for a new strategy for the development of the state until 2020. Two reasons have made this task urgent:
1) the consequences of the most severe crisis, because of which Russia's socio-economic policy needs a full rethinking;
2) includes several characteristic only forour country's reasons. And first of all, this is an urgent need to update the state's economic course, since the model that developed under the psychological, political and intellectual influence of the post-communist period has long since outlived itself.