Scientific and technological revolution: the pros and cons
The scientific and technological revolution began in the middleXX century. It was a rapid leap that world science accomplished, and after it technology, radically changing the productive forces that existed before in society. For 20 years, the NTR economy of most developed countries has increased several times, which gave rise to the growth of the scientific and technological revolution in scientific and technological progress.
The scientific and technical revolution takes place inclose interaction of the scientific environment with the technical one, which leads to the development and improvement of technologies, as a result of which the productivity of labor is growing and new methods of managing economic processes are emerging. This process in any country has its own characteristics, conditioned by common features, which need to be addressed in more detail.
So, the most important common features that the scientific and technological revolution possesses are as follows:
- Science turns into directproductive force, the number of scientific researches on which countries spend huge material resources increases. High-tech processes require relevant specialists who are purposefully trained in new education systems.
- The computers, information andinnovative technologies, old ones are intensified and new sources and types of energy are being discovered. In this regard, the requirements for the upgrading of the skills of the labor force and the increase in the efficiency of their work are growing.
- The scientific and technical revolution leads to a sharpan increase in the share of industry, there is an industrialization of agriculture. A special place in the economy of countries is occupied by mining and processing industries, as well as engineering, chemical industry and electric power.
- A special place during the scientific and technological revolution is given to management as the art of personnel management in modern manufacturing enterprises.
Scientific and technological revolution in the USSR alsobegan in the 50s of the twentieth century. In a short time, the following scientific institutions were organized and started operating: Institute of High Pressures, Semiconductors, Computers, Nuclear Research. Spending on science has grown more than 10 times, and the number of scientists has increased 6-fold.
Urgently, new machines andtechnologies. Railway transport was transferred to electric traction, the first nuclear power plants were built. The nuclear icebreaker Lenin was launched into the voyage, the world's first artificial icebreaker Earth satellite. The real victory was the flight into space of the first man.
However, due to known circumstances, soonThe scientific and technological revolution in the USSR began to lag behind in the pace of the West. The workers continued to work by hand, which enabled the Soviet Union to proudly state the absence of unemployment. At the time, few people thought about the damage to the economy.
The scientific and technological revolution and medicine alsoare among themselves in a contradictory interaction. On the one hand, there are new opportunities for applying medical knowledge in previously unexplored areas of human health. There is a narrowing of medical specialization, using a qualitatively new technique. All this has the most positive impact on the achievements of all areas of medical direction. And on the other hand, the scientific and technological revolution and medicine together cause new problems that aggravate old, unresolved issues. Narrow specialization leads to red tape during the examination of patients, the relationship between the patient and the doctor is lost. There is a replacement of live communication by mechanical.
Thus, we see that the STR, like any other phenomenon, has its pluses and its negative aspects. Regardless of this, it is considered a progressive phenomenon.