The correct structure of the bank is a means of achieving the goal
To begin with, let's define the fact thatthe structure of the bank is not just a collection of departments and other units in the territorial representative offices that are run by a strict Board. In fact, it is about the internal organization of the work of a financial institution, which allows:
• formalize and structure management methods;
• Develop the basis of relationships within the organization;
• Identify groups of performers.
It sounds a little complicated, does not it? But this is normal, because the structure of the bank is the most important aspect, which allows to achieve the main thing: to achieve the goals set for the financial organization, for example, by the general meeting of shareholders.
In general, modern management is characterized bypresence of several models, let's say, the configuration of credit and financial institutions. At the same time, the structure of the Bank of Russia is no longer management. This is the Constitution and a specific Federal Law that determines the composition of units whose duties include, among other things, control over the activities of other participants in the banking sector. What is characteristic, the main banking institution of the country uses in its work mainly economic management methods. But in special cases they can be replaced by administrative ones. The current structure of the Central Bank is a single system, the management of which is centralized and vertically structured.
The most traditional is the mechanistic structure of the bank. It can be of two types: functional and divisional.
The first is characterized by the presence of separateunits, each of which is created to perform a clearly defined range of tasks. Here we should talk about the vertical hierarchy of departments, which include management, departments and so on. In other words, there is an operational division: the credit, operational, currency department (sector).
An alternative to mechanisticorganic structure of the bank. In this case, the financial organization is oriented, first of all, to the changing environment. Therefore, it is customary here to distinguish between project-type and matrix-type structures. The first are created to perform a particular project, while the latter are, in fact, a mechanistic structure that is combined with a project approach to the performance of a task.