/ / Organization as an object of management: its components and processes

Organization as an object of management: its components and processes

Management as a process is determined by a seriescontinuous, interrelated actions aimed at the formation and achievement of the organization's goals. It also has its own structure, in which, on the one hand, the organization acts as a management body - in this case it is a subject of management, and on the other hand, management of an organization is considered - where it is the object of management. What does the concept "organization as an object of management" mean?

Organization as an object of management
This concept of organization can beinterpreted as an element of a social structure that has its own functions and methods, as a result of which influence is exercised on all its members and on the environment, including. In other words, the organization as an object of management is presented as a coordinated, social union of people, functioning on a permanent basis and acting towards achieving its goals.

The production and economic organization servesa good example, because it systematically and purposefully combined material and technical and socio-natural components. In addition, such organizations can not exist without a collective whose composition, like its direction of activity, is clearly regulated by the subject of management. In this example, the organization is clearly displayed as a control object, and it is clear that the object is what the subject controls.

In carrying out its activities, the enterprise constantly cooperates with the external
organization management process
environment, forming an open system. Through the channels of this system, there is a constant exchange: resources come from outside, and already finished goods are given back. At the same time, the organization management process performs a supervisory role, maintaining a balance between these processes and mobilizing all resources for their implementation. In general, the management of the enterprise establishes correlative actions to determine the objectives, the formation and operation of its resources to perform the tasks assigned.

Depending on the type of organization(educational, public, business, etc.), its size, type of activity, hierarchy level, internal functions and many other factors - the content and complex of actions used in the management process may change. But, despite this,
business management
any organization as an object of managementis subject to the influence of four main functions. These include: first of all, planning - is to develop an action plan and determine the normative indicators; organization - with the help to which tasks are assigned, and the interaction between units and their workers is established; motivation - financial or psychological incentives for executors to materialize the planned goals; control - is to compare the results achieved with the targets.

Thus, using scientific justifications, business management becomes a universal process for obtaining the desired profit.

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