Worldview and its types
A person's world view is a totalityviews, assessments, imaginative representations and principles that together reflect the vision of the man of this world and determine his place in it. Life positions are also an important component of the worldview, according to which it is often easiest to determine what type it is.
Formed and aware attitude to the worldgives life a purposeful and meaningful character, therefore worldview is important for every person. The study of this phenomenon is carried out by philosophers and culturologists, who gave the classification of the world outlook. In this article we will consider the most common, but you need to take into account that there are other classifications.
The main types of worldview
First of all, we note that the term was first voiced by Kant, but he did not distinguish this concept from the world outlook. The significance that is accepted today, Schelling introduced.
Classification of the worldview depends on severalfactors: firstly, the origin of the value system that a person adheres to (for example, to distinguish a religious worldview is an important determining factor) plays a great role. Secondly, the socio-cultural environment of the individual plays an important role in the definition. Thirdly, it is important that a person is aware of the processes surrounding him.
Proceeding from this, different scientists distinguish two classifications:
- Mythological, philosophical, socio-political, natural-science and religious worldview.
- Worldview of everyday experience, mythological and aesthetic.
Mythological worldview and its types
This type is the very first, it is typical forprimitive society and is based on a figurative perception of the world. Paganism reflects in full the mythological world view, where the attitude to the world as a spiritualized environment is formed. For example, lack of knowledge about natural processes led to the fact that people tried to cause rain with the help of rituals or "calm down" the storm.
In the mythological type, there are two important aspects: the search for the sacral and its permissibility (for example, the belief that there are riddles of nature that can not be solved by a person and whose answers are only to the creator), and also the general availability (the belief that there are phenomena whose causes are known to everyone). These two opposite manners of perception are combined in a mythological worldview.
Religious worldview and its types
Religious type is based on principles,which are characteristic of a religion, where the value system comes from, position in relation to other people, etc. Its basis is belief in supernatural forces, worship and fear of them.
The philosophical perception of the world is based onrationalistic approach. It spread almost simultaneously in Ancient China, Ancient Greece and Ancient India. This type is characterized by the ability to rethink existing knowledge about something, norms and traditions.
Socio-political and natural-science worldview and its types
Socio-political type of worldviewis characteristic of a society with a complex structure. Here we see a close connection with ideology, reflecting the attitude of a person to the society in which he lives. Great importance is attached to the understanding of state power and the political regime.
The natural scientific worldview is basedmainly on known proven facts, mainly from the field of physics. Here we see that great importance is attached to the laws of nature, and the position "everything lends itself to scientific explanation" is most clearly manifested in people with this type of perception of the world. The desire for objectivity, openness to experiments and mathematics are its main features.
The brightest character in history, which was one of the first to show the world such a world view - Galileo Galilei.
Aesthetic worldview and its types
People with this world view perceive the world from the point of view of beauty, it is the defining principle. It is characteristic of creative people with artistic-imaginative thinking.
Thus, the prevalence of different types of worldview is related to the level of development of society.