How to answer a little pokachke for the question: "Porosh - what is it?"
Adults do not give much thought to the meaningwords they uttered. Do not remember their definitions and do not figure out the origin. But if a little prophet to read a patriotic poem about a soldier, Alyosha, then in the answer questions will sprinkle. Among them will necessarily be: "Porosh - what is it?" And "Why is it white?" Adult willy-nilly will have to understand and explain to the child incomprehensible words.
To accurately answer this question, you needlook in the directories. The explanatory dictionary under the editorship of Efremova gives such meaning to the word "powder": fresh, freshly fallen snow. If you look to Ozhegov, you can see a small addition. This snow should fall out in the evening or at night. Also determines the powder and vocabulary of hunting terms. On it, the snow went at night and stopped in the morning.
All sources reduce information to one: the snow passed at a time when few people moved along it. Therefore, it looks like a clean and even sheet of paper, which attracts an ideal shine and enchants with purity. Particularly striking is a clear, sunny morning powder. What it is, now it became clear.
Porosha in poetry and prose
Creative people can not but admire the pure snow. This leads to the appearance of a powder in the works of poets and writers.
An example is the aforementioned verse,which appears a line about the fact that the field is white powder. In the work of Sokolov-Mikitov "Lankaran" is written about a clean powder in the mountains, on which traces of feline paws are clearly drawn.
Moreover, upon her appearance, a changeweather. If the snow passed in the daytime, and in the evening the wind rose, then a grassroots powder appeared. The main characters of the works use this fact to determine the weather. For example, in the "Captain's daughter" the gentleman is offered to return from the road, because the wind rises and sweeps away the powder.
Porosh in the fine arts
The artists also did not ignore the views with clear snow. Therefore, first there were pictures on which the powder was imprinted. The photo came to replace them, but did not lose the magic and charm.
Landscapes with even snow and clear traces on italways in demand among nature lovers. In no selection of images about the winter will not be left behind the powder. The picture with her attracts looks and causes a smile.
About the powder to those who are older
If the question about this phenomenon arises in the childyou can tell more. In this case, the question of how to create a powder, what it is and why it is called, will become the answer to such information. According to the information, located in the encyclopedia of Brockhaus and Efron, the following types of fallen snow can be distinguished:
- riding powder - when there is a quiet weather and snow falls smoothly from above;
- The grass-roots, arising from the drifting snow;
- shallow or deep - depending on the thickness of the snow;
- dead, when its thickness exceeds 18 cm, the name arose because of the fact that a small animal can not pass through it;
- A soft powder that does not produce sounds from moving along it;
- Hard, arising in the frost and causing a lot of noise;
- printed powder, when the traces are imprinted particularly clearly;
- blind, when on it for some reason there were no fingerprints left;
- It's warm when the falling snow has already begun to melt.
Porosh from the hunter's point of view
During the tracking down of mining, even snow canhelp or interfere. In the first case, he clearly shows the track of the animal. And if it cracks under your feet, the person will be heard far away, and the animals will have time to hide.
Fine, deep and dead powder - what is it?for the hunter? In shallow snow, the front legs of the hare are not imprinted deeper than on the lower joint. In other words, quite a bit. Deep powder covers the earth at a thickness of about 10 cm. Accordingly, the beast also falls deeper. On a dead powder, a hare can not run at all.
If a shallow melting snow fell, the hunterclearly sees on it every claw of an animal's paws. Such a powder is called a warm printed one. In addition, it can not be spoiled by the wind, so it persists for a long time and helps to trace fresh tracks for several days.
In addition, hunters distinguish the types of powderby the time of its fall. In this case, it can be short or long. Here everything rests not on the duration of the snowfall, but at the time when it stopped going. If the snow stopped very early, the animals had time to build on it a long chain of tracks, and the powder will be long. In the short snow stopped in the morning or even continues to go. This means that the traces are left quite recently, and maybe the hare is still leaping slightly ahead.