The theme of the homeland in the work of Blok AA.
Alexander Alexandrovich managed to combineseveral variants of images. At the same time, with each new poem opens a new image of the Motherland in Blok's lyrics. But this does not mean that the perception of his native land is dissipated, his attitude to him is changing. The poet understands and accepts the Motherland in all its diversity, grandeur and poverty, grace and suffering.
The concept of the Motherland for the Bloc
The theme of the Motherland in Blok's work was not present initially. She became the final stage of his life. But it was he who became one of the most important in the fate of the poet.
To this topic Block did not come immediately. It appeared after the long wanderings of the poet and many experienced sufferings. This contributed to the complete immersion of A. Blok in the subject. And that is why he did not confine himself to the stereotyped image of the Motherland, as an abstract magnitude. Or, on the contrary, as a certain territory, the existence of which is limited in the space-temporal continuum.
That is, Russia does not exist for him only now, and only from one border pillar to another on the surface. It penetrates into things and destinies, dissipates in the air, absorbed into the earth.
It is natural that with such an understanding and experience of the topic, the image of the Motherland in Blok's work can not have one face and the same reflection in the mirror of poetic mastery.
Variants of the image of the Motherland by the Bloc
- fabulous - not a personified image of a magical land, with fairy-tale creatures, riddles, mysterious forests;
- romanticism - The homeland is portrayed as the beloved of a young boy, tender, quivering, unique;
- historicism is an edge that has a past, a history, and can not be ignored;
- poverty and suffering - not so much the image of the Motherland,but a generalization of its inhabitants, who undergo not the best of times. But they do not betray their land, they accept it as they are, but with the hope of positive changes;
- the generalized image of a living being - The homeland is a living being similar to man, but the characteristic is given only by means of abstract concepts, and not by specifying certain features of appearance;
- optimism - in this way Blok expresses his hopes for the bright future of the country, believes in the coming favorable changes.
Fantastic motifs in the image
The image of Russia as a land of fabulous,mythical find in the poem "Russia". Not only the described landscape resembles the folkloric characteristics of the invented terrain, but also the mention of unreal creatures such as witches, wizards, sorcerers, traits and others. Elements of the surrounding - jungle, swamps - are also often used in mythological tales.
The colors that emerge in the imagination in this description are mostly black, gray, dirty green, brown.
But a sharp transition to a calm, peacefulThe contemplation of nature not only makes it clear that the first impression was erroneous. Such a sharp contrast emphasizes the mystery of Russia - the darkness and fears, the silence and laziness (the sea lazily bathes the banks, the yellow precipice, the fields).
Romanticization of the image of the motherland
As you know, mythical images are inherent in the eraromanticism. But Blok was not a romantic, because the lofty images in his poetry take on a different character from those of his predecessors. So, the poet did not approach the destiny of the Motherland from a philosophical, abstract point of view. He loved Russia, as they love a woman - selflessly, passionately.
But, as Aleksandr Aleksandrovich himself said, thisis because in the world of poetry, in which he seeks to be everywhere, there is no division into one's own and the general. Everything that is common to the very heart of the poet becomes automatically personal. The intimate in poetry is taken out for everyone to see and be heard.
The motherland is a woman. Beloved, a young beauty, a wife, but not a mother, as Blok's predecessors imagined in her work. It is an unbridled, strong, enticing diva, but at the same gentle, gentle, beautiful. The poet gives an image of intimization, endowing him with those features that are inherent and sung to him, the Beautiful Lady.
As a decadent, he claims that it is worth lovingonly beautiful. Suffering is also an exalted feeling that everyone must accept and let through, without losing himself. Therefore, in order to love Russia, you first need to feel compassion, to comprehend the depth of her sorrows.
Russia in the diachronic section
The topic of the Motherland in Blok's work is not limited only to the author's present. In order to better understand the nature of this phenomenon, he resorted to historical excursions.
The cycle of poems "On the Kulikovo Field" is devoted to the historyRussia. He gives a panoramic image of the life of the country from the Mongol-Tatar yoke and up to the present. In addition, the poet expresses his hopes for a bright future for Russia, because it seeks to advance, overcame many, suffered, and after this invariably comes prosperity.
Russia is poor and long-suffering
As in the contrast of landscapes, Russia standsa heterogeneous country and in general well-being. It is also about the poverty of individual citizens, which is adjacent to the incredible wealth of others, and the fate of the country as a whole. Hardly worrying about the share of his native land in difficult political and economic conditions, the poet nevertheless expresses deep confidence that everything will change.
Even in the "golden years" in Russia "threeerased slips ", and painted spokes are knotted into loose ruts. That is, everyone tries to acquire personal material prosperity, forgetting about the public. This is one of the key, in the author's opinion, problems of Russian society.
Personalized image without reference to specifics
A new vision of the image of the native land gives us an analysisthe poem "Motherland". Block in its cycle gives us an understanding of the image of Russia as well as a personified person. But there is no binding to a particular person or collective image.
The Motherland acts as something, or rather, someone generalized. Alive, but ephemeral. It is behind the author's soul as his main wealth and the greatest suffering.
Optimism in the image of Russia
With all the pessimistic, at first glance,image of Russia, the theme of the Motherland in Blok's poetry is nevertheless highlighted in an optimistic vein. The author hopes for an early change in the situation. He explains this by a simple law of justice, which necessarily re-enacts. Russia, which has undergone many revolutions, wars, devastation, poverty, simply can not help becoming an ultra-powerful rich power.
He compares it with a troika, which is harnessed by dashing horses, who do not know rest. This is not scary, either "loose track" or blizzard.
So a cycle of poems was born, which only Blok - "Motherland" could write at that time. The analysis of poems from the cycle gives confidence in the bright future and hope in the best of times.
Means for creating the image of the motherland
One of the most common means thatuses poet, is personification. The theme of the Motherland in Blok's work acquires a close sound, Russia itself turns into a young girl, then into a wild and unbridled woman, it becomes a fabulous place.
Innovation of the Bloc in the depiction of the Motherland
The predecessors of the poet in the depiction of the Motherlandalso used such a tool as impersonation. And many of them enlivened the image, instilling it into a woman's appearance. But the theme of the Motherland in Blok's work has acquired a new sound - it's not the mother, as others described it, but the girlfriend, the bride, the wife. That is, she goes to grief, and joy goes shoulder to shoulder with a lyrical hero. And does not patronize, and she needs protection.
It is also unusual for the presentation of an image in the form of something alive, but at the same time abstract. Russia is not a picture, an image, but an object associated with each of its things.