An analysis of the poem Brodsky "Do not leave the room, do not make a mistake ...". Creativity Brodsky
Joseph Brodsky is one of the favorite poetsmodernity. The most famous poem is known to all educated youth. Quotations from his works and letters scattered in social networks. I. Brodsky left Russia a huge number of masterpiece poems.
The life path of I. Brodsky
Joseph Brodsky was born in Leningrad, in 1940. From childhood, he admired the mystical atmosphere of St. Petersburg: wet streets, museums ... All this left its imprint on the creativity and character of Brodsky.
His name (and named Brodsky in honor of Stalin)served as a kind of vital irony, since the poet did not accept Soviet power (this is easily seen if you analyze Brodsky's poem). Already at the age of fifteen, Joseph proved himself to be the most obstinate child. Because of the constant propagation of ideology, he left school after 8th grade and started working.
Brodsky constantly read. He wanted to absorb all that is in the world. He studied languages, in particular English and Polish.
Himself I. Brodsky said that he began to write poetry at the age of 18, but lovers of his work suspect that it started earlier. He himself was very fond of poetry and considered it necessary to periodically show respect for the work of Tsvetaeva and Rilke.
Court and reference
February, 1964. Joseph Brodsky suddenly arrested, but for what? For parasitism, that is, for living at someone else's expense. Perhaps, now it will seem strange to us, but in the Soviet times this was really a criminal offense. The poet is being sent to a small village in the Arkhangelsk region to work on the collective farm "Danilevsky". At first Brodsky was an ordinary part-time worker and did the hardest work. But later for health reasons he becomes a photographer.
AND. Brodsky from the link released early, he returns to Leningrad and tries again to start writing poetry. However, censorship does not allow them to print. During this time I. Brodsky, already known in literary circles to man, managed to print only 4 poems.
In 1972, the poet is forced to leave Russia and go to live in America. There he receives the Nobel Prize for Literature, publishes collections of his poems. He dies in New York.
Creativity I. Brodsky
1972 marks a new stage in creativity andlife of I. Brodsky. As already mentioned above, in 1986 he received the Nobel Prize in Literature for the collection of essays "Less than one". This is not the only collection of Brodsky's essays. Approximately at the same time, there was another one, "Embankment of the Unconscience." In addition to the essay, the works of I. Brodsky are numerous translations and plays.
In 1972, the collections "The End of the Beautiful Epoch" and "Part of Speech" are published, and in 1987 - "Urania" and "In the Environs of Atlantis: New Poems."
An analysis of the poem Brodsky "Do not Leave the Room"
This is one of the most famous poems of the poet. It is permeated with the theme of Soviet power. The main idea: it's best to bury yourself in the walls of the room, than succumb to the temptations of the outside world. And this does not apply to everyone. The poem is written for two-faced people who, at night, conduct anti-government conversations, keep mistresses, and in the daytime they go out and shout about love for the power of the Soviet Union, and also inform others. Also the poem is addressed to those who want to be free, but can not afford it.
AND. Brodsky in verse recommends everyone who likes to talk about freedom, about the position of the individual in the modern world, to give up small pleasures. This is the main thing that you need to pay attention to if you are doing an analysis of Brodsky's poem. Let them try to drive out the "live little one," that is, the girl who came to visit. After all, how can you take her home if she is not a legitimate wife? "Do not call the engine," ie, a taxi, because the average citizen of the USSR can not afford it.
"On the street, tea, not France" - Brodsky ironically notes ("Do not leave the room"). An analysis of the poem we quoted reveals the main positions of the poet and his world view.
Analysis of the poem "Love"
Let's do an analysis of Brodsky's poem "Love." It becomes obvious that it is dedicated to a woman. This woman is Marina Basmanova, the daughter of a famous artist. According to contemporaries, Brodsky even considered her to be his bride. It's no wonder that the lines of the poem say: "You dreamed of me pregnant ..."
The poem begins with the fact that the herowakes up, goes to the window and remembers his dream. The woman dreamed of him pregnant, and the poet feels a strange feeling. On the one hand, seeing her in a dream pregnant, he feels guilty for not being able to maintain this love relationship between them. On the other hand, he says that "children are justification for our nakedness." And one day, seeing them in a dream, the poet decides to stay with them there, in a world of shadows. This is the main idea, as analysis shows, Brodsky's poem dedicated to love.
Analysis of the poem "Loneliness"
Every person in life has such a period,when he feels completely alone. And before analyzing Brodsky's poem "Loneliness", let's look at the history of his creation. So, the poet is 19 years old, and literary magazines are denied him because of unusual views. I. Brodsky perceived these refusals with unthinkable pain, because he really was very lonely. "It is better to worship givenness" - he comes to this conclusion. It is better to forget about your dreams, illusions. Reconcile with the "poor standards" of modernity, which in the future will become "rails ... keeping your lame truths in balance ...", ie, support. These lines express their emotions Joseph Brodsky.
Analysis of the poem "I hugged those shoulders and looked ..."
This poem again pops upmentioned above Marina Basmanova. And if you do an analysis of Brodsky's poem "I embraced", it becomes clear how important the place in the life of the poet was occupied by this woman. Their affair with I. Brodsky stopped because she went to another man. You can imagine what feelings the poet experienced in his time.
The poem was written in the beginningrelations of Brodsky and Basmanova, in 1962. The poem is constructed as follows: the hero embraces his beloved and notices everything that happens behind her back. This is a wall, an extended chair, a dark stove, a bulb with a high glow, a buffet ... The most lively image, flashing before the eyes of the hero, is a moth. He takes the hero out of his stupor.
The image of a woman in this poem is enigmatic. The hero embraces her, but ... in the future her image is erased. It's not like it. It's amazing, because the poet describes the interior more than in detail, and the embrace of a beloved woman does not seem to cause anything in him.
The hero of the poem as if standing on the threshold. "And if the ghost here once lived, then he left this house." He left. " These lines end the poem. It seems that the hero, speaking of the ghost, has a view of himself and is going to leave the house with this silent woman.
Analysis of the poem "Christmas Star"
Before doing an analysis of Brodsky's poem"Christmas Star", it should be remembered at what time the poet lived. Yes, in the street reigned Soviet power, whether it was possible to publish works of religious themes? Therefore it is obvious that this poem was written after Brodsky emigrated to America.
It was written based on biblical themesand is dedicated to the story of the birth of Jesus Christ. "The baby was born in a cave, so that the world can be saved," the poet writes. Perhaps, he already foresaw that the life of his homeland was on the verge of disaster, and soon it is waiting for changes in the economic, political, religious nature. And only someone special can save her.
"The star looked into the cave. And this was the Father's view "- the last lines of the poem, where the author emphasizes that everything on earth is under the observation of God, that everything that mankind does fixes his eyes.
Shortly before I. Brodsky wrote this poem (and it was written abroad), the poet received a letter stating that his father had died. And perhaps, before his death, the poet did not consider his father to be something significant. However, in the poem there is a shade of the fact that the father is a person who can provide irreplaceable support. While Jesus is a baby, the Father watches him, protects him.
So, we analyzed the work of I. Brodsky in general, in particular, examined some of the works, did their analysis. Brodsky's poems are not just a few collections. This is a whole era. While many poets were afraid to contradict Soviet power, Brodsky looked straight into her eyes. When he was not allowed to publish his poems in his homeland, he went to America and achieved freedom of speech there.
The works analyzed above are noteven half of the poems left by Brodsky. If you delve deeper into their study, you can see that in most cases the heroes of the poems are the leaders, the emperors. A certain place is occupied with verses about Christianity.
Joseph Brodsky is now considered not only a Russian, but also an American poet.