M.I. Glinka. Brief biography of the composer
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka is a composer whoseThe compositions had a strong influence on the formation of the next generations of musicians. The ideas of his works were developed in his work by A. S. Dargomyzhsky, members of the "Mighty Handful", P. I. Tchaikovsky.
Mikhail Glinka. Short biography: childhood
Michael was born in June 1804 in thea distant village of Novospassky, which belonged to his parents and was located 100 km from Smolensk, and 20 km from the small town of Yelnya. Systematically to teach the boy both music and general disciplines began rather late. The first with him was engaged the invited from Petersburg governess VF Klamer.
M.I. Glinka. Short biography: the first experiments in the composition
In 1822, just after completing his studies inboarding house, Mikhail wrote for the harp and piano several variations on the theme of one of the fashionable operas of that time. They became Glinka's first experience in composing music. From that moment he continued to improve and soon wrote a great deal in a variety of genres. Dissatisfaction with his work, despite the recognition, leads him to search for new forms, to get acquainted with creative people. In the composition of music, neither secular parties nor deterioration of health could prevent him. This became his deep inner need.
M.I. Glinka. Short biography: traveling abroad
To think about going abroad he was prompteda few reasons. This, first, the opportunity to get new impressions, knowledge, experience. And he also hoped that the new climate would help him improve his health. In 1830, he went to Italy, but on the way he stayed in Germany and spent the summer there. Then Glinka settled in Milan. In 1830-1831, the composer wrote a lot, new works appeared. In 1833, Glinka went to Berlin. On the way, he briefly stayed in Vienna. In Berlin, the composer intended to put in order his theoretical knowledge of music. He was engaged under the direction of Z. Dena.
M.I. Glinka. Short biography: return home
Interrupting studies in Berlin, Glinka forcednews of the death of his father. When Mikhail Ivanovich arrived in Petersburg, he often visited Zhukovsky. Every week the poet gathered literary men and musicians. At one meeting Glinka shared with Zhukovsky his desire to write for the first time the Russian opera. He approved the intention of the composer and offered to take the story of Ivan Susanin. In 1835, Glinka was married to MP Ivanova.
Happiness is not only not a hindrance tocreativity, but, on the contrary, the activity of the composer was spurred on. The opera "Ivan Susanin" ("Life for the Tsar") he wrote quickly enough. In the autumn of 1836 her premiere was already held. She had a huge success with the public and even with the emperor.
M.I. Glinka. Short biography: new works
Even during Pushkin's lifetime, the composer had an ideawrite an opera, taking as a basis the plot of his poem "Ruslan and Lyudmila." She was ready in 1842. Soon the production took place, but the opera was less successful than Life for the Tsar. It was not easy for the composer to survive the criticism. Two years later he went on a trip to France and Spain. New impressions have returned to the composer creative inspiration. In 1845, he created the overture "Aragon Hota", which was a great success. Three years later appeared "Night in Madrid."
On a foreign land, the composer increasingly turned to Russian songs. On their basis, he wrote "Kamarinskaya", which laid the foundation for the development of symphonic music of a new type.
Mikhail Glinka. Biography: recent years
Mikhail Ivanovich lived abroad (Warsaw,Berlin, Paris), then in Petersburg. The composer's creative plans were still full. But he was hindered by enmity and persecution, he had to burn several scores. Until the last days, LI Shestakova, his younger sister, remained next to him. Glinka died in Berlin in February 1857. The ashes of the composer were transported and buried in St. Petersburg.