Basic rules of thirds in photography
It turns out that a professional camera - stillnot a guarantee of upscale photography. It turns out that "Photoshop" is sometimes not enough to correct the errors when shooting. It becomes known that the work of a photographer is no less easy than any other, as it requires a huge amount of knowledge, skills, and abilities. The rules of thirds in photography are only one aspect, but every self-respecting photographer must take them into account. What are they and how to use them correctly?
A little about...
The rules of thirds in photography are included in the basics of composition. This is a kind of golden section of photo art.
Being an important component, the rule of thirds inphotos, examples of which will be discussed below, can be applied to almost any chosen genre. It is well suited for both portrait and landscape photography. This makes it a universal weapon for defeating the target of high quality right into the top ten.
Should I follow blindly?
Definitely not. Strict and rigorous adherence to good rules in art does not result, but the rule of three-thirds in photography can always be the starting point for creating a masterpiece.
And in order to use it correctly, you needhow to understand what it is, what advantages it gives the creator, what its attractiveness is and how it helps to achieve the ideal balance that any photographer wants to achieve.
Balance in everything!
Balance is something that is everywhere in nature. The balance strives for everything natural, because it should also be achieved in the artificial. In the end, everything a person does is just a reflection of what is already in nature. He draws his ideas from her, she is his best assistant and adviser.
Slightly higher was already used term"photo artist". With the photo it's all clear, but why is it chosen such a second half of this definition? Well, the photographer in a sense is also an artist holding a famous instrument in his hand instead of a brush. To get a good result, it's not enough just to press the shutter release button and capture the moment: before that, you should evaluate the composition of the future frame. It is a pity that not everyone understands this, but nevertheless it is so.
What is a composition?
Roughly speaking, the composition is a wholea set of various techniques that help to properly place objects. The correct arrangement will allow individual particles to assemble into a single image, which, in fact, will be pleasant to watch. Rule of the third is the main component of the composition, together with the rule of the golden section, the rules of diagonals and so on.
Essentially, the rule of thirds is a simplified versiongolden section. In the original version, calculations are more complicated, closely related to the Fibonacci numbers. The golden section is one of the principles that any photo artist also has to know, but this article is about thirds.
What is the rule of thirds?
Mental division of the image into nine parts (3x 3 - three vertically, the same number horizontally), and they should be equal, - here is the description of the rule of thirds. In photography, it is important. The described separation is a grid of two horizontal and vertical lines. Objects should be located at or near their intersections.
What's the idea?
When using this principle, as a rulethird, the photo becomes more pleasing to the eyes and more natural, because its important elements are not located right in the middle of the frame. There is also more space for imagination and fantasy.
The photo does not change radically, but it is attachedsignificance of the subject. What is it based on? When a person looks at a picture as a whole in reality, focusing on one thing, at the same time it is necessary that the surrounding elements do not interfere, but combined with the object. Of course, for a minute glance, this description does not fit, but a long peering into the distance suggests exactly this. The task of the photographer is to express what the viewer should pay attention to (the frame will focus on what it was necessary to focus, because it will not be possible to use the focus of your own eye on the final result). To put in this case the object directly in the center, which comes to mind first, is a very coarse solution of the problem and, as already mentioned above, is quite unnatural, like a lie sewn with white threads.
How can it be used?
Mentally imagine a grid, highlightImportant elements of the future frame and arrange them near the lines. It is worth remembering that there may not be an ideal match, but it is necessary to achieve an approximate one. Grid is the reference component for shooting. This art, and therefore no "just at the point" can not be. With the lines you can "play", arrange the composition at your own discretion. If time and technology allow, you can make several different shots to compare the result and see the difference. Without an understanding of the idea itself, nothing will come of it, and blind adherence will lead to the fact that all the photographs will be made as if by one pattern. But that's the advantage of the rule of thirds in photography: it's so simple, so universal, and at the same time gives so many options to use it. All ingenious is simple. The same comparison with nature: it's like a sunset, the beauty of which is so undeniable that a person admires it for a thousand years already, and every day it is different. But from metaphors back to reality.
Maybe the position with which to be madeshooting, will have to change. It's nothing. A balanced and thoughtful approach to photography is a great habit. Yes, modern technology allows for a minute to "click" up to a hundred frames, but at such moments it will be very useful to remember the photo artists who worked with the film, when each frame was incredibly valuable, and its parameters had to be calculated at random, never knowing what would turn out in the result, and whether it will work out at all.
To help the photographer
Producers of some cameras advocate for their ownusers, adding the device the ability to include and substitute the grid. This is a visual representation, and the photographer can master the rule of three-thirds in photography, without imagining lines mentally.
By the way, an interesting fact: the rule is extended as the principle of three-thirds. This is not entirely true. In fact, this rule is two-thirds in the photograph. But it does not matter how to call it, it's important how to apply it. This will help the following tips for each type of photos.
Where to apply: tips
As already mentioned above, universality is the rule of thirds. Portrait or landscape, or macro, or moving objects - it is applicable everywhere.
For the landscape, the horizon is best placed along onefrom the grid lines, and not in the middle, so as not to create a feeling of breaking the photo into two equal halves. The object in the foreground sets the focus point, and it should be placed also in accordance with the principle of the rule. If the object is large, it is better to move it to the side so that it does not break the picture in two.
When a person looks at a portrait, he alwaysdraws attention to the eyes of the man depicted in the photo (or woman, child, etc.). Therefore, the focus should be on them, and arrange them best on the upper horizontal grid line.
For a moving object, it is good to leave space on the side that is the direction of motion.
When shooting a person in full growth, it would be nice to put it along one of the vertical lines of the grid.
Despite the fact that the very principle of the rule is being builton an equal division, it is known that the lower right point is stronger than the lower left. This means that if the photo has several objects, then the most important of them should be located near the first named intersection.
Crop as a way to improve photography.
The inhabitants are accustomed to crop photos for removal.extra details from the overall picture. Masters remove them in Photoshop using their secret tricks, because cropping (the same cropping, in fact) gives an advantage in another. Indeed, thanks to him, you can force the frame to inherit the rules of thirds. "Photoshop" or another photo editing program can improve the overall picture in this simple way by moving the subject to a more appropriate place in accordance with the rule.
The rules are designed to violate them.
And the rule of thirds is no exception. Yes, it is the basis of the composition, but if one feels it, this very composition, intuitively, then by breaking the principle described above, one can get something interesting, perhaps even brighter and more expressive than it would have happened to him. Nobody forbade experimenting! It is even useful.
But here's the thing: in order to break the rule with profit for yourself, you must first learn to follow it.