What is citrus? What is citrus?
Autumn and winter are the period when the bodya person lacks vitamins and requires many useful substances that help to carry out the normal functioning and functioning of organs. Together with this, in the cold season, fresh citrus fruits are on sale. What is citrus fruit and what is their special feature? Let's take a closer look at what they are and what their difference is from each other.
What is citrus? Definition
The very name came from the Latin "citrus". And this word is translated as "lemon". That's how it was called a thousand years ago by the Arabs. By the way, they brought this kind of fruit to Europe.
Everyone knows about the fruits of sour taste, butWhat is citrus? The explanatory dictionary defines them as fruit trees or shrubs, to which lemon, orange and some other kinds of plants belong.
The total number of such fruits is several dozen, and they were all taken from a man of wild varieties.
The most popular and widespread fruit fromcitrus - this, of course, orange. For the first time, and for a long time, he appeared in China. It is believed that he is a hybrid of mandarin and pomelo. Now an orange grows in almost every southern country. If you look at the statistics, it turns out that eating this fruit is much more than even apples. Although in our country they are most common.
Talking about what citrus fruits are, it's not worth itto lose sight of other fruits, no less delicious than oranges. For example, tangerines, grapefruits, pomelo and lime. All of them also belong to this category and are in no way inferior to the leader. Each of them found its application.
Mandarin appeared in our country from East Asia and, by the way, has very well taken root in a subtropical climate.
From Asia we were brought another fruit of this family - grapefruit. It is also considered a hybrid, but what exactly is unknown.
Less popular and familiar is pomelo. Refers to the subspecies of grapefruit. Externally - green with a thick skin. Most often used for candied fruit or jam.
But lime, probably the newest of allcitrus fruits. About him spoke only in the nineteenth century. And thanks for this you need to tell the British seafarers. The very name of the fruit in American slang sounds like "lime", and is translated as "Englishman".
All of the above species are eaten only without peel. But kumquat, which is considered a subspecies of orange, you can eat with the skin. To taste it looks something like a mandarin.
What is citrus, and what fruits are related to them, is already clear, but what is their special feature and what useful properties do they have?
Most importantly, it is one of the richest sources of vitamin C. Moreover, its level remains until the spring due to the fact that the fetus has a very thick, impermeable peel.
Many believe that the more sour fruit, the morein it a vitamin. In fact, this is completely wrong. Its content does not depend on taste. For example, the same parsley, which is not at all acidic, contains it much more than a lemon.
The champion in the content of vitamin C is an orange. In a medium-sized fruit there is approximately the necessary daily norm. The second place went to grapefruit.
In addition, citrus fruits also contain othersubstance. First of all, folic acid, extremely useful for the nervous and reproductive systems. In one fruit contains a daily rate of this vitamin, which is also called B9.
What citrus still contain, what is so attracted toyourself attention? They are considered strong antioxidants, reducing inflammatory processes in the body and slowing down aging. They help and normalize blood pressure, and also reduce appetite.
If you are asked what is citrus, then, ratherall in all, the thought of a lemon will immediately come to mind. Although an orange is considered a more popular species, but if suddenly a man gets cold, he immediately remembers the lemon, and not in vain. It has always been used as a medicine because it contains a lot of ascorbic acid and citrine, which helps the body better absorb vitamin C. In addition, lemon is also taken for the prevention of diabetes. The smell of this fruit perfectly helps to relax and eliminate stress.
The most popular species is an orange containingonly a lot of vitamin C, but also having vitamins B. Do not know why they are needed and what is it? Citrus, rich in this vitamin, is useful for the health of the whole body, as well as for sight. Pectin - another indispensable substance, also available in orange, helps to adjust the work of the stomach and the entire digestive system as a whole.
Although the fruit is very tasty, but it is slightly inferiorTo his brethren in the content of useful elements. There are also vitamins C and A. They help with stomach diseases, especially if there is a disorder, build up an appetite. A juice of tangerines recommended to drink with bronchitis, as it perfectly cleanses the airways.
If an orange is a utility leader, then grapefruit- on eating among people looking at their figure. Why is it so and what does citrus do, as a result of which it helps to lose weight? It contains the vitamins PP and D, which burn calories well. Grapefruit is recommended to people who are dieting, as well as those who are overweight. If you eat half of the fruit after eating, you can burn half of the calories. There are even special diets, where the basis of everything is oranges and grapefruits. But that's not all. It restores energy, exerts a tonic effect on the nervous system and helps to recover faster after the transfusion or infectious diseases.
Who does not know this fresh fragrance and bitterishtaste? It is these features that have made lime so popular in the preparation of various dishes of cuisine in Vietnam, Mexico and Thailand. It is also rich in various vitamins, calcium and even iron. Has antiseptic and antiviral effects on the human body. It calms and relieves stress well.
Do not confuse lemon and lime. Some even think that they are the same, and the green color indicates that the fruit is not ripe. This is the most common misconception. These fruits are completely different. They are not even replaced in the preparation of dishes or drinks, otherwise all taste and charm will be lost.
What is citrus? Contraindications and recommendations
It would seem that such useful fruit can be eatenall and in any quantity. But as it turned out, despite the great benefits, there are some contraindications. Therefore, do not put too much stress on the fruit, if you are at risk.
First of all, citrus fruits - in general and any - are contraindicated in the presence of gastric ulcers or gastritis, in which the body has high acidity.
Some of them contain a lot of sugar, so they are not particularly recommended for people with diabetes.
Limit consumption even if you are allergic.
Problems with teeth - another ban on the use of acidic fruits. They contain acid, which adversely affects the already not very good enamel.
If you like juice from oranges, then after using it, rinse your mouth to remove acid residues.
Do not eat a lot of fruit during pregnancy. There is a risk that the child will have an allergy to citrus or strong diathesis.
As for the recommendations, the citrus can and should be eaten during the diet. They are low-calorie, unlike bananas and grapes. They are useful to people who have problems with the intestines.