Nasturtium is terry, semi-double and simple: features of cultivation and reproduction.
Nasturtium (krasuki, Indian cress,capuchin) is a well-known fast-growing decorative plant with beautiful foliage and bright five petals, mostly yellow, red and orange hues.
This plant was imported to Europe in the 16th centuryfrom South America, and first of all attracted attention with its medicinal and nutritional value, rather than beauty. Indian cress was used as antiscorbutic (the content of vitamin C is 2 times more than in parsley) and decontamination agent, decoctions, tinctures and rubbing of fresh parts of the plant used to increase mood, to treat purulent wounds, flu and many other diseases. To date, nasturtium is grown exclusively for the decoration of garden areas and gardening of balconies, and its medicinal properties in most countries have been forgotten. Most nasturtium is widespread on the territory of Russia, although there are many other species, including small, foreign, short-zotic, tuberous, kudrevata, thin-leafed, etc.
What can be attractive for a roll foran amateur horticulturist? First of all, of course, its unpretentiousness combined with brightness and elegance. The plant was formed in harsh natural conditions and does not need serious care, which is why nasturtium should be paid attention to beginner growers. Caring for her, you can get the maximum decorative effect with a minimum of effort. Especially attractive nasturtium is terry with large flowers of several shades (there is still a simple and semi-double).
In addition to flowers, the eye pleases the picturesque and abundantfoliage of the plant. Rounded large leaves are located on long petioles and have a two-sided coloring: from the outside - matte dark green with a waxy coating, with inner - light green. Turning under favorable conditions quickly increases the green mass, which allows you to decorate with sticky varieties unattractive or vacant places on the site. Curly varieties (whips up to 2.5 meters) will also decorate fences and pergolas. Compact forms (lengths of 30-40 cm long, marked on the package with seeds as "nanum") are very convenient for planting small areas or for ampel cultivation. Nasturtium terry differs from simple enhanced decorative, but does not have agrotechnical features, which allows you to give preference when choosing a variety for it.
So much loved by all the nasturtium is large (TropaeolumMajus) is a perennial plant, but because of our harsh winters it is cultivated as an annual, although in the southern regions it is quite possible to grow and bloom all winter in greenhouses. Seeds are sown in the middle of May to a permanent growth site, 2-3 seeds at a distance of about 30 centimeters, shoots appear after two weeks. Usually nasturtium gives self-seeding, next year under good conditions, seeds can sprout together. For an early flowering, you can grow seedlings (sowing seeds in late April - early May), but when transplanting into the flower garden try to save the earth clod. Nasturtium terry, as a particularly interesting and new species for gardeners, is most often propagated by cuttings. Since autumn, a favorite flower needs to be rooted in moist sand and kept on a window sill in a cool place until spring cuttings and planting in open soil.
Nasturtium terry and simple loves welllighted and warm areas. In the conditions of partial shade the plant loses its attractiveness: the stems are stretched, the leaves are small. Also, the fertile soil does not like capuchin, with an excess of nutrients the plant leaves for the greenery and blooms very little. Dangers are frosts, when they are threatened, the plant is sheltered. The best soils for nasturtium are light, well drained, with a high content of phosphorus. Water the plant should be before the flowering, and then the soil is moistened only with complete drying.
If you decide to do this flower,experiment with different varieties, buy seeds "Nasturtium terry, a mixture", and then the plant that you like most, grow further with the help of cuttings. Also try new varieties of unpretentious watershed, aquileia terry will please you with its unusually beautiful flowers.