Eggplants in the greenhouse. Growing seedlings
Eggplants, or, as they are also called, "blue" -very heat-loving vegetables, the home of which is India. In different countries they are called differently, but we always recognize them on the counter in a bright purple hue and love for the astringent aroma and bitter aftertaste.
Few people know that these vegetables in hot countriesgrow as perennial plants, and only in a temperate climate can you find eggplants in a greenhouse. Growing "blue" in our band is quite possible, if planted in a seedling way.
Early-ripening varieties of eggplant
When choosing a variety, it is best to focus onearly ripening hybrids, in our strip only eggplants grow well in the greenhouse. Cultivation of these vegetables before full ripening occurs on average from 90 days and more. These are the following varieties of eggplant:
- "The Don".
- "King of the North."
- "Black handsome."
In the beginning it is necessary to disinfect the seeds in a weak solution of manganese or epine. Then put them in wet gauze in a warm sunny place for germination.
- In the peat pots, fill in the prepared soiland place 1 seed per pot to a depth of about 1.5-2 cm. If the eggplant's root system is damaged, then it is restored extremely reluctantly and for a long time, therefore, for convenience, we recommend planting 1 plant.
- Put the seeds planted in the ground on a window sill in a warm and sunny place.
- Begin to cultivate the seedlings should be in late February, about 1.5-2 months before transplanting it into the greenhouse.
Hardening of seedlings
It is necessary to temper the grown plants,Before planting eggplant in the greenhouse. Growing this vegetable culture is quite laborious, so be patient. Carry out sprouts to fresh air in warm sunny weather and be sure to drop it into a warm place for the night.
Eggplant, growing in greenhouses
When plants are strong enough and achievedheight of 25-30 cm, you can already transplant them to a permanent place. The age of the seedlings is 50-60 days. Eggplants are very demanding of light and have wide spreading leaves, like burdock, so keep the distance between the bushes at least 40 cm.
Timely watering and weeding are not allcare, which is required eggplant in the greenhouse. Growing "blue" in poor lighting is fraught with falling leaves and buds, in addition, these vegetables need to be hilled. Regular airing of the greenhouse will also benefit the eggplants. Under each bush, it is desirable to coat the soil to preserve moisture. Water them at least once a week with warm water. If regularly carried out artificial pollination, the fruit is tied much more. It is also worth remembering about fertilizing the bushes every 2 weeks.
In mid-August, you will be able to disrupt yourfirst eggplant. Growing in a greenhouse, of course, is not as effective as on the open ground in hot countries, but with proper care, you will get a very good, and most importantly, a useful harvest. Breaking off the ripe fruit is not completely ripe, you will increase the shelf life in the refrigerator. For billets for the winter, overripe eggplants also do not work.