The scheme of planting cucumbers in a greenhouse, in a greenhouse, in the ground and trellis. How to plant cucumbers?
Cucumbers - vegetable culture of the family Pumpkin,which is popular all over the world. You can get a year-round conveyor of fresh products. This vegetable culture is cultivated in the open field, stationary and film greenhouses, hotbeds and even on the window at home. The formation of the bush and the cucumber planting scheme will depend on the chosen growing method.
Cultivation of cucumbers
Before starting to grow plants, you shouldto study their basic characteristics and the necessary conditions for cultivation. A thermophilic vegetable culture for normal development and fruiting will require a sufficient amount of moisture, light. Important is the fertility and composition of the soil. There are a lot of varieties and hybrids of cucumbers. Salted or salad, bee-dusted or self-pollinated species have different maturation periods.
Cucumbers in the vegetable patch
Growing in the open field is a way notrequiring additional costs. It is necessary to take care of the fertility of the soil from autumn. In the spring, the plot is leveled, the soil is loosened and enriched with microelements. Do not forget about the crop rotation. The best precursors for cucumbers will be such vegetable crops as onions, cabbage, pepper, tomato, potatoes and peas. Seed sowing begins at a ground temperature of twelve to fifteen degrees Celsius.
How to plant cucumbers in the open ground?
For sowing, use dry or preliminarilyprocessed seeds. Seed material is subjected to heat treatment, etched and soaked in solutions of microelements. Sow it in a two-way tape. The scheme of planting cucumbers depends on the selected variety and composition of the soil.
- light soils - four to five centimeters;
- loam - three to four centimeters.
Row intervals for varieties of different maturation periods are:
- early maturing - sixty-seventy centimeters;
- medium and late - seventy-ninety centimeters.
Hybrids of cucumbers provide a larger area, extending the aisles to a meter. Also it is possible to apply tape double-sided rows. The scheme for planting cucumbers is the following:
- the distance between the bands is ninety centimeters;
- between rows - forty centimeters.
In the open ground, planting can be done in seedlings.
Trellis way of cultivation
Cucumbers are whimsical plants. They are prone to diseases that significantly reduce the period of fruiting and the quality of the vegetable culture. To increase productivity, you can use the trellis way of growing. Scourge plants will be located vertically. The scheme for planting cucumbers on the trellis is as follows:
- between rows - one and a half meters;
- short-flecked varieties: between the holes in the row - fifteen to twenty centimeters;
- length varieties: between the holes in the row - twenty-five to thirty centimeters.
In the center of the ridge, pillars are supported. Their sufficient height is up to two meters. The number of supports is chosen arbitrarily. At the same time they are installed throughout the ridge. Between the bars pull three levels of wire at a height:
- the first is fifteen centimeters;
- the second one is one meter;
- the third is two meters.
A plastic mesh is attached to the wire, the width of the cells is fifteen to twenty centimeters.
How to grow an early crop of cucumbers?
Thermophilic plants are distinguished by certainterms of disembarkation. For cucumbers, they are determined by the temperature of the soil and the environment. Using greenhouses will speed up the receipt of early vegetable products.
Preparation of the closed ground begins in March. Pre-prepared manure is laid in the greenhouse. Its layer should be no less than forty-five centimeters. To warm the ridge earned, it is covered with frames and mats. Three days later, manure is added. The soil layer is laid on it. Make watering with warm water. After the temperature of the soil in the greenhouse reaches twenty-five degrees, cucumbers are planted in it.
You can get early products, not onlyusing greenhouse frames. A good harvest will please cucumbers grown in film greenhouses. This method will require certain costs for constructing the construction of the closed ground. However, getting early products is worth it.
In film greenhouses use seeds of cucumbersearly-ripening self-pollinated varieties and hybrids. The soil is prepared from autumn. For the favorable development of cucumbers, it must be fertile and loose. To do this, organic fertilizers are introduced. To prevent diseases, measures are taken to disinfect the soil.
In the spring, before the preparation of high ridges,mineral fertilizer. Such a method of growing under the conditions of a film greenhouse will improve the drainage properties of the soil. Plants will be strong and resistant to diseases.
To accelerate the receipt of early products in greenhouses, cucumbers are planted pre-grown in the home seedling.
- the distance between the tapes is one hundred centimeters;
- aisle in ribbons - fifty centimeters;
- between the holes in a row - fifty centimeters.
Cucumbers are grown in a vertical or trellised way.
Care for cucumbers when growing
On the plot you can use differentways of cultivation of vegetable culture. Quite often combine a greenhouse or a greenhouse method and a variant of an open ground. At the same time, the care of the plant is identical, regardless of how to grow cucumbers. The beds require constant loosening and removal of weeds. Plants need a lot of moisture, which is replenished with regular watering. Active growth, normal development and excellent yield of the harvest are ensured by regular application of fertilizers.