Cystitis in cats: treatment and prevention
Our pets, like people, are subject todiseases. This also applies to cats. And one of the diseases that can hit our furry friend is cystitis. This disease is expressed in the inflammation of the bladder and manifests itself in several forms. Cystitis can be idiopathic. Usually it can not be established. And it can be bacterial, which affects mainly adult cats. The cause of this form of the disease are bacteria that are deposited in the bladder during emptying from the digestive tract.
To detect this disease in a cat can be for suchsymptoms, such as frequent and difficult urination, blood in the urine, as well as a specific odor of stool. If such symptoms are found, then there is cystitis in cats. Treatment then must begin immediately. In particular, this applies to cats. They have a longer urinary canal, and a mucous plug may appear in it. And this can lead even to the death of your cat.
In any case, you need to contact the veterinarian. He will conduct all necessary diagnostic tests. This is the analysis of urine, and blood, as well as ultrasound examination. Based on the results of these analyzes, a cystitis treatment regimen will be developed. The vet needs to tell the whole "inside" of your cat or cat. He should know about the symptoms, and when they started to manifest, how much the cat drinks and eats, whether it loses weight or the like. The analysis of urine can show how many leukocytes, red blood cells or crystals there are. And if a high level of alkali is found in the urine, it means that the cat has an infection in the urinary tract, that is, it has bacterial cystitis.
When is the diagnosis established and there is confirmation? that cystitis in cats, treatment should begin immediately. Otherwise, this disease can develop into a chronic disease. To begin with, the animal needs to organize a "bed rest". That is, prepare him a warm bedding and less to disturb him. Next - give him the medicine strictly according to the prescription of the veterinarian. To suppress the conditionally pathogenic flora, the cat is prescribed the intake of nitrofurans and antibiotics. Pain or severe spasms are prescribed painkillers and antispasmodics. And with the help of diuretics it will be possible to remove inflammation products from the bladder. There are also severe cystitis in cats. Treatment is then carried out by more intensive methods. It can be washing the bladder with antiseptic solutions. These include furatsilin, a solution of penicillin and potassium permanganate.
The causes of this disease can be different. For example, helminth infection also causes cystitis in cats. Treatment is then carried out with antihelminthic drugs. And if it is a consequence of the disease of the genitourinary system, then, perhaps, the surgeon's intervention will be necessary.
If, during illness, the cat does not ariseno complications, then the recovery is faster. In other cases, it is necessary to carry out a very unpleasant procedure for the animal. Its essence is as follows: the cat is given an anesthetic injection and a catheter is inserted and urine is taken with it. And although all these procedures are not very pleasant, you still need to treat your cat. Otherwise, under unfavorable circumstances, a fatal outcome may occur.
But, so as not to manifest cystitis in cats, treatmentwhich is not easy, you need to carry out its prevention. For this, it is necessary to ensure that the animal is not supercooled, and that there are no drafts in the room. It is necessary to timely identify and treat inflammatory and infectious diseases, as well as endometritis and vaginitis. It is necessary to provide the animal with a balanced menu, in which there will be less dry food. To water a cat costs only pure water. And, of course, regular check-ups from a veterinarian and a good care will help your pet to live a long life according to his standards.